Legal information - Banque de Luxembourg (2023)

You are currently connected to the site of the

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium
Chaussée de La Hulpe 120
1000 Bruxelles

Registered under VAT company number BE0830227057 - RPM Brussels - BIC (Bank Identifier Code): BLUXBEBB. Banque de Luxembourg Belgium, is a branch of Banque de Luxembourg, hereinafter referred to as “Banque de Luxembourg Belgium”.

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium is a credit institution subject to the control and supervision of the Financial Services and Markets Authority (FSMA)
Congress Street 12-14
1000 Bruxelles
Telephone: + 32 (0)2 220 52 11
Fax : + 32 (0)2 220 52 75
www.fsma.beand the National Bank of Belgium (BNB),
Boulevard de Berlaimont 14
1000 Bruxelles
Telephone: +32 (0) 2 221 21 11

Banque de Luxembourg is a public limited company under Luxembourg law registered with the Luxembourg Trade and Companies Register under number B 5310 and approved by the Ministry of Finance of the Luxembourg Government as a credit institution under number 27077. Social security: 1953 2200 019, VAT: LU 105 902 81. Hereinafter referred to as “Banque de Luxembourg”.

And whose supervisory authority is the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (CSSF)
283 Arlon Road
L-1150 Luxembourg
Telephone: (+352) 26 25 1 - 1 (central)
Fax : (+352) 26 25 1 - 2601

Director of the publication: Banque de Luxembourg

Host: Banque de Luxembourg

I. General conditions of use of the site

Purpose of the site

The purpose of this site is to present Banque de Luxembourg Belgium and its activities. It should not be considered as constituting an establishment or even the actual provision of services outside Belgium. Any person residing in a State where he does not have the right, for any reason relating for example to his nationality or his place of residence, to consult the sites of foreign banks must refrain from consulting this site. Banque de Luxembourg Belgium declines all responsibility vis-à-vis these persons and invites all users to check before using the site that no standard prevents or restricts the provision of the site by Banque de Luxembourg belgium.

(Video) Presentation of the BL Sustainable Horizon fund

Applicable Law and Jursdiction

This site and all the relationships and transactions that it allows to carry out are subject to Belgian legislation and, among others, to Book XII Title 1 of the Code of Economic Law on certain legal aspects of the information society. Banque de Luxembourg Belgium undertakes to comply with the Belgian laws and regulations governing the operation of a website, as well as the recommendations of the CSSF of December 2001 "Financial services via the Internet" and of the FSMA of 7 April 2009 “Financial services via the Internet: prudential requirements”.

All disputes to which this site may give rise are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts and tribunals of the judicial district of Brussels. A complaint can be addressed to Banque de Luxembourg Belgium, at the address indicated below under the heading “You are not satisfied with our services?».

All access to this site is deemed to take place directly at Banque de Luxembourg Belgium's head office on the date and at the time indicated on its server, the log of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium's connections being proof of these. this.

Access and use of the site

Access to this site and its conditions of use are governed by this legal information. As this legal information may be subject to various modifications, Banque de Luxembourg Belgium therefore invites all Internet users to regularly consult this information.

This site is an information site which is intended both for clients of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium and for persons who are not clients of the latter. The products and services presented on the site are, however, strictly reserved for customers holding an account with Banque de Luxembourg Belgium, and having accepted by agreement the General Conditions of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium, as well as the conditions of access and use of Internet services. Certain products or services presented on this site may be prohibited for sale to certain categories of people. It is up to each person to comply with all the legal or regulatory provisions of their country of residence or any other provision applicable to them and to check whether the products and services presented correspond to their current personal situation. Banque de Luxembourg Belgium's tariffs apply to products and services. They are available on the site.

It is recalled that the secrecy of correspondence is not guaranteed on the Internet network and that it is up to each Internet user to take all appropriate measures to protect their own data and/or software from contamination by possible viruses circulating on the Internet. Any use of the site is made under the responsibility of the visitors.

Any operation carried out by the customer following his identification and authentication on this site is considered to have been carried out by him and he alone will bear the consequences. In the event of loss or theft of his identification data, the customer must immediately inform Banque de Luxembourg Belgium.

Content of the site

The information published on this site is to be considered as "advertising" within the meaning of Book XII Title 1 of the Code of Economic Law on certain legal aspects of the information society.

This site notably includes information made available by external companies or hypertext links to other sites that have not been developed by Banque de Luxembourg Belgium. The existence of a link from the Banque de Luxembourg Belgium site to another site does not constitute on its part any acquiescence or guarantee as to the content or the person who operates this other site.

The information and assessments available on the Banque de Luxembourg Belgium website are provided for information only and are valid only for the time when they were provided. Consequently, no guarantee can be given as to the adequacy, accuracy, validity, correctness or completeness of this data as well as the information and assessments made on the basis of it. The results recorded in the past do not constitute a guarantee of performance for the future and Banque de Luxembourg Belgium assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance of these securities in the future. The information transmitted to visitors does not constitute legal advice or tax advice and Banque de Luxembourg Belgium cannot be held liable either by this information or by the decisions that a visitor, whether or not a client of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium, could take on their basis, this person retaining control of his decisions. Any visitor should ensure that they understand all the risks associated with their investment decisions and should only decide to invest after careful consideration, with the assistance of their own advisors, of the suitability of their investments. and its particular financial situation, taking particular account of the legal, tax and accounting aspects.

Subscription to units or shares of the funds can only be made on the basis of their latest prospectus, accompanied by the subscription form, the most recent annual report containing the latest audited accounts, as well as the latest semi-annual report, if ci is later than the most recent annual report and, in the case of a UCITS, the key investor information document (“KIID”, “Key Investor Information Document – ​​KIID”). These documents are permanently made available free of charge by Banque de Luxembourg Belgium.The “DICI/KIID” can be consulted on this site.

(Video) Market Talks - Tensions in the economy — should investors be concerned?

The sub-funds of the Sicav BL are registered in Luxembourg, France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom and Singapore, with the exception of BL Fund Selection funds, not registered in Switzerland, Denmark, Finland, United Kingdom, Italy and Norway. The sub-funds of the Sicav BL Fund Selection are registered in Luxembourg, France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Sweden, the Netherlands, Spain and Singapore.

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium reserves the right to modify the content of this site whenever it sees fit or to make it inaccessible.

The other disclaimers on other pages of the Banque de Luxembourg Belgium website complete and combine with this legal information. If necessary, in case of conflict with these provisions, these special clauses will apply in priority.

Hypertext links

The creation of hypertext links to this site is subject to the prior express agreement of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium.

The hypertext links established in the direction of other sites from this site cannot, under any circumstances, engage the responsibility of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium.

Personal data

Protection of personal data


Cookie management

Location data

When you visit a Banque de Luxembourg website, data relating to your geographical position is collected and processed. This data will be used to connect you directly to the Banque de Luxembourg website registered under a domain name corresponding to the country code from which the connection is made. Also, a connection from Belgian territory made via a search engine will automatically connect you to the Banque de Luxembourg Belgium website. The data collected concerning the geographical position will be collected exclusively for this purpose and will be temporarily stored in memory or saved on the Internet user's computer equipment in order in particular to facilitate navigation on the site (see the "Cookies" section above). .


All of the elements appearing on the pages of this site are the intellectual property of Banque de Luxembourg or under license and/or protected by copyright.

The reproduction or representation, in whole or in part, of the pages, data, logo and any other element relating to the site, by any process or medium whatsoever, without the express authorization of Banque de Luxembourg constitutes an infringement and is strictly prohibited. .


Banque de Luxembourg Belgium will never solicit a customer by e-mail asking to follow a hypertext link or to obtain confidential information (such as his account number(s), access code(s) or card( s) bank(s).

(Video) October 2021 webinar - BL European Small & Mid-Caps

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium cannot be held liable if one of its customers is the victim of a phishing attack following which he has confidential information relating to his bank account(s) stolen. (s) such as his account number(s), access codes or bank card(s).

The client should be extremely careful with regard to any e-mails he may receive from third parties posing as Banque de Luxembourg Belgium or Banque de Luxembourg, and containing, among other things, hypertext links or asking him to communicate confidential information (such as his account number(s), access code(s) or bank card(s)). Under no circumstances can Banque de Luxembourg Belgium be held liable for any damages that may result from this on the part of a customer.


Access to the public site is free, excluding Internet access costs (access providers) which are invoiced directly by the operators.

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium has adhered to the codes of conduct of the Belgian Financial Sector Federation (Febelfin), available on the Febelfin website (
Legal information - Banque de Luxembourg (1)

You are not satisfied with our services?

In the event of a complaint, Banque de Luxembourg Belgium customers can contact their usual adviser or file a complaint directly with the Legal department:

  • Or by post to the following address: Legal Department, Chaussée de La Hulpe 120, 1000 Brussels
  • Or by
  • either by ourContact form

In order to process complaints quickly, they must be formulated clearly. The client must draw up a detailed and chronological summary of the facts at the origin of the complaint accompanied by all the additional information available to him (dates of the transactions, correspondence or e-mails exchanged with Banque de Luxembourg Belgium). The customer must also provide a copy of his valid identity document relating to the natural person applicant or, when the applicant is a legal person, relating to the persons representing the legal person. In general, if the applicant is acting on behalf of the client, he must provide any document attesting to his power of representation.

If an answer cannot be provided within a short time, the person in charge of the complaint within the Legal department will send an acknowledgment of receipt within 5 working days of receipt of the complaint.

A response will be sent within one month of receipt of the complaint. If a response cannot be provided within this time, the person in charge of the complaint within the Legal department will send a letter explaining the reasons for the delay and a date by which the examination of the complaint is likely to be completed.

If the solution proposed by Banque de Luxembourg Belgium is not satisfactory, the Client, a natural person acting for private purposes, may submit the dispute in writing to the Financial Services Mediation Service:

  • Or by post to the following address: OMBUDSFIN Northe Gate II Boulevard du Roi Albert II 7, box 2 at B-1000 Brussels
  • Or by
  • Either by complaint form available on its

II. General conditions of use of the private part of the site

Access to and use of the site are subject to the General Conditions and Internet Conditions of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium that the Client has signed. All communications established between Banque de Luxembourg Belgium and the Client as well as all transactions initiated or carried out through the site are deemed to have been carried out directly at the head office of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium on the date and at the time indicated on the server of that here, the log of connections kept by Banque de Luxembourg Belgium being proof of these.

Offered services

This site offers the following services in particular:

(Video) Republic of Panama v. BCCI Holdings (Luxembourg) S.A. (1997) Overview | LSData Case Brief Video Summ

  • Access to the client's account(s),
  • Presentation of a selection of investment funds,
  • Possibility of transmitting buy or sell orders relating to units or shares of undertakings for collective investment,
  • Transfers to other accounts,
  • Communication by electronic means.

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium reserves the right to modify these services at any time.

Acceptance of risks related to transactions in financial instruments

Banque de Luxembourg Belgium draws the Client's attention to the fact that the transmission of orders relating to units or shares of undertakings for collective investment as well as all other transactions relating to financial instruments involve specific risks linked in particular to the characteristics of the these securities, to fluctuations in their prices and financial markets as well as to the conditions of the operations to be carried out. It informs the Client that it has no influence on these risks and warns him that the information available on the securities, in particular, that relating to their past performance does not suggest future performance.

The client, acting according to his personal investment policy, acknowledges fully assuming all the risks inherent in the investments he will ask Banque de Luxembourg Belgium to make for his own account, including and without limitation market risks. (risks related to exchange rates, share prices, etc.), risks related to currency, counterparty (risk of debtor default, etc.), convertibility as well as country risk and apparent risk or underlying financial derivative instruments.

He formally releases Banque de Luxembourg Belgium from all responsibility for the quality and performance of all the assets and investments he holds with it and declares, among other things, to accept all substantial losses, it being understood that losses may where applicable, exceed the amount of the assets on deposit with Banque de Luxembourg Belgium.

The client further declares that he is a well-informed investor and that he understands the operation of the instruments traded, their technical nature and the risks inherent in the investments he plans to make within the framework of his personal investment policy, including including the risks associated with transactions on derivative products, on securities issued by debtors of lesser quality, on unlisted shares and venture capital shares or on structured products.

Terms of conclusion of transactions

Transactions carried out on the site are carried out in accordance with the General Terms and Conditions of Banque de Luxembourg Belgium which the client has accepted.

Right to retract

The client has no right of withdrawal for orders to buy or sell units or shares of undertakings for collective investment or any other financial instrument, nor more generally for any product or service whose price depends fluctuations in the financial market, likely to occur within 14 calendar days, over which Banque de Luxembourg Belgium has no influence, as well as for contracts executed in full within 14 calendar days at the express request of the customer. The revocation or questioning of other transactions or services can only take place in accordance with the General Conditions, and this within a maximum period of 14 calendar days.


Access to the Banque de Luxembourg Belgium site as well as the instructions likely to be given by the client can be secured by electronic certificates issued by Banque de Luxembourg Belgium to which the Client and Banque de Luxembourg Belgium formally acknowledge the quality of "certificates qualified" within the meaning of Book XII of the Code of Economic Law and any other provision applicable to trust services.

PSD2 – Provision of the application programming interface (API)

Within the framework of the legal requirements of the European directive PSD2, Banque de Luxembourg Belgium provides the technical documentation of the application programming interface (API), based on the Berlin Group standard, as well as a test environment accessible via the LuxHub platform, which acts as an intermediary between the Bank and third-party providers (TPP).

For all information on the process, the technical details, as well as the integration procedure, please consult the following page:


How are banks regulated in Luxembourg? ›

The regulatory authorities responsible for overseeing banks are the CSSF, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Central Bank of Luxembourg (BCL). The CSSF falls under the authority of the Luxembourg Ministry of Finance, and is responsible for the authorisation and prudential supervision of banks in Luxembourg.

Who regulates banks in Luxembourg? ›

CSSF – The Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier is a public institution which supervises the professionals and products of the Luxembourg financial sector.

Who owns the Banque de Luxembourg? ›

Banque de Luxembourg is a subsidiary of Crédit Mutuel Alliance Fédérale via Crédit Industriel et Commercial (CIC), which owns 100% of the Bank's capital.

Where is Banque de Luxembourg headquarters? ›

Banque de Luxembourg
Main headquarters in Luxembourg City
IndustryBanking Financial services
HeadquartersBoulevard Royal , Luxembourg
Key peoplePhilippe Vidal, Chairman Pierre Ahlborn, CEO
8 more rows

Does Luxembourg have banking secrecy? ›

Only in Luxembourg, there is almost 1 trillion euro under banking secrecy. The philosophy of this professional secrecy is found in the Constitutional Law of Luxembourg, which is very protective of personal freedom in its regulation of the relationship between the state and its individuals.

Who controls banking regulations? ›

The OCC charters, regulates, and supervises all national banks and federal savings associations as well as federal branches and agencies of foreign banks. The OCC is an independent bureau of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

How are international banks regulated? ›

The Federal Reserve has supervisory and regulatory responsibility for the international operations of member banks, bank holding companies, and Edge and agreement corporations.

Who are Canada's banking regulators? ›

OSFI regulates and supervises domestic banks and foreign banks operating in Canada. Foreign bank subsidiaries are regulated under the Bank Act . Foreign bank subsidiaries are controlled by eligible foreign institutions.

What four authorities regulate commercial banking? ›

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Federal Reserve System (FRS) National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS)

Why does Luxembourg have so many banks? ›

The country is a European hub for a number of key international banks. These banks use the European Passport to serve their EU clientele from Luxembourg, positioning Luxembourg as an important financial centre in the European Union. Moreover the scope of Luxembourg's influence stretches beyond Europe.

What is the biggest bank in Luxembourg? ›

BGL BNP Paribas is one of the largest banks in Luxembourg. Originally founded as Banque Générale du Luxembourg (BGL), it became a part of the BNP Paribas group in 2009. It provides personal, business and private banking, as well as wealth management and asset management.

Who is the CEO of bank Luxembourg? ›

Claus Jørgensen - CEO - VP Bank S. A. Luxembourg | LinkedIn.

Is Luxembourg is the world's leading investment center? ›

Luxembourg's financial centre remains one of the foremost financial centres in the world. Luxembourg has always known how to evolve and build up expertise in new fields, a recent example being alternative investment funds.

How many banks does Luxembourg have? ›

Over 40 banks in Luxembourg offer commercial and corporate banking services.

Why is Luxembourg a financial center? ›

Its stable and strong economy, continued attribution of AAA rating for sovereign credit, rapid regulatory procedures, large network of double taxation treaties, quality of financial markets infrastructure, and legal framework are some of the characteristics to which Luxembourg's attractiveness as a financial centre can ...

Is Luxembourg a high risk country for money laundering? ›

While Luxembourg is not a major hub for illicit narcotics distribution, the size and sophistication of its financial sector create opportunities for money laundering, tax evasion, and other financial crimes.

Can I open a bank account in Luxembourg as a foreigner? ›

Both residents and non-residents can open a bank account in Luxembourg, whether you have Luxembourgish nationality or not. However, it is not a legal requirement to do so. You can manage your finances from an overseas account if you prefer.

What is the most secretive private bank in the world? ›

Most Exclusive Private Banks in the World
  • C Hoare & Co. ( Hoare)
  • Coutts & Co. ( Coutts)
  • Banque Privée Edmond de Rothschild.
  • UBS Family Office Solutions Group (FOSG)
Jan 20, 2023

What rules do banks have to follow? ›

Important Banking Acts And Other Requirements
  • The Bank Secrecy Act. ...
  • Anti-Money Laundering And Suspicious Activity Reporting. ...
  • Call Reports. ...
  • TRID And RESPA Regulations. ...
  • UDAAP.

How do I file a complaint against a bank with the FDIC? ›

You can submit your complaint or inquiry online at the FDIC Information and Support Center at Alternatively, you can submit a complaint via mail to the Consumer Response Unit at 1100 Walnut Street, Box#11, Kansas City, MO 64106.

What do banking regulations prohibit? ›

Bank regulations prohibit stock purchases by banks in the United States. Also, investment in bonds with a low credit rating may be prohibited. Typically the bank is free to lend either long-term or short-term. At present there is no restriction on speculation in derivatives.

How do you know if a bank is regulated? ›

National banks and federal savings associations are regulated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). To find out if your bank is regulated by the OCC, visit the Who Regulates My Bank? page on this website.

What are the types of risk in international banking? ›

The OCC has defined nine categories of risk for bank supervision purposes. These risks are: Credit, Interest Rate, Liquidity, Price, Foreign Exchange, Transaction, Compliance, Strategic and Reputation. These categories are not mutually exclusive; any product or service may expose the bank to multiple risks.

Who holds banks accountable in Canada? ›

The Financial Consumer Agency of Canada is the federal government agency mandated to protect financial consumers. It is an independent regulator that supervises banks and other federal financial entities to ensure they comply with their legal obligations, codes of conduct and public commitments.

Who investigates banks in Canada? ›

FCAC supervision of federally regulated entities

As part of its mandate, the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FCAC) investigates complaints about federally regulated financial institutions. These include banks, federal credit unions, authorized foreign banks, insurance companies, and trust and loan companies.

Who is the highest banking regulator? ›

The Federal Reserve Board (FRB) is one of the most recognized of all the regulatory bodies.

What happens if a state chartered bank is not in compliance with CRA? ›

A negative rating brings a higher level of scrutiny both from the bank's regulator and the general public. Also, banks are expected to take immediate action to begin correcting the negative CRA rating. Therefore, the bank's CRA regulator will often shorten the time frame before their next examination.

Who protects commercial banks? ›

Insured Commercial Banks

Commercial banks insured by the FDIC. These institutions are regulated by one of the three Federal commercial bank regulators (FDIC, Federal Reserve Board or Office of the Comptroller of the Currency).

What is the CRA in banking? ›

The Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) is a law intended to encourage depository institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate, including low- and moderate-income (LMI) neighborhoods, consistent with safe and sound banking operations.

Why are people from Luxembourg rich? ›

Luxembourg is the wealthiest country in the European Union, per capita, and its citizens enjoy a high standard of living. It is a major center for large private banking, and its finance sector is the biggest contributor to its economy. The country's main trading partners are Germany, France and Belgium.

Why do people in Luxembourg make so much money? ›

The economy of Luxembourg is largely dependent on the banking, steel, and industrial sectors. Luxembourgers enjoy the highest per capita gross domestic product in the world, according to an IMF estimate in 2022.

Is Luxembourg financially stable? ›

Source: OECD (2022), OECD Economic Surveys: Luxembourg 2022 based on European Commission (2021). Luxembourg enjoys the highest GDP-per-capita of OECD countries, low unemployment, low public debt and sizeable public assets.

What is the biggest international bank in Canada? ›

What Is the Biggest Bank in Canada?
  • Scotiabank. ...
  • Scotiabank. ...
  • Bank of Montreal. ...
  • Bank of Montreal. ...
  • BMO Harris Bank. "Welcome To BMO Harris Bank."
  • Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. "Annual Report 2020," Page 5.
  • Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. "About CIBC."
  • Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. "CIBC History."

What is the biggest bank Canada? ›

As result, the biggest six banks in Canada are:
  • RBC (Royal Bank of Canada)
  • TD Bank (Toronto-Dominion Bank)
  • Scotiabank (Bank of Nova Scotia)
  • BMO (Bank of Montreal)
  • CIBC (Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce)
  • National Bank (National Bank of Canada)
May 10, 2023

Why open a bank account in Luxembourg? ›

Living in Luxembourg as a foreigner means opening a bank account for a wide range of financial transactions. With such a bank account one can pay utility bills, and make different money transfers, local or overseas.

Who owns Montreal bank? ›

BMO Tower, Chicago
OwnerHarris Bankcorp, Inc. (1972–1984) Bank of Montreal (through BMO Financial Group; 1984–present)
Number of employees14,200 (2016)
ParentBankmont Financial Corporation (1984–2004) Harris Financial Corporation (2004–2011) BMO Financial Corporation (2011–present)
11 more rows

Who are the owners of IFIC bank? ›

IFIC Profile

The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh holds 32.75% of the share capital of the Bank. Sponsors/Directors having vast experience in the field of trade and commerce own 4.11% of the share capital and the rest is held by Institutions both local & foreign and General Shareholders.

Who owns Banco Mercantil? ›

Mercantil Banco is a financial institution with more than 90 years of banking activity in Venezuela and is a subsidiary of Mercantil Servicios Financieros.

What is the richest investment firm in the world? ›

Top 10 Largest Investment Companies in World 2022
RankCompanyAssets under Management (USD trillions)
1BlackRockUSD 7.43 trillion
2The Vanguard GroupUSD 6.2 trillion
3Charles Schwab CorporationUSD 3.3 trillion
4UBS GroupUSD 3.26 trillion
6 more rows

What are the three biggest investment companies in the world? ›

Within the world of corporate governance, there has hardly been a more important recent development than the rise of the 'Big Three' asset managers—Vanguard, State Street Global Advisors, and BlackRock.

What is the biggest investment company in the world? ›


BlackRock (BLK) is the largest investment firm in the world. It manages $8.6 trillion in assets as of Dec. 31, 2022.

Which country has the richest bank? ›

With $5.5 trillion in assets, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited is the largest bank in the world, as measured by total assets. Given its size and dominance, it's no surprise that ICBC China has earned high marks for financial stability and profitability.

Which bank is best for foreigners in Luxembourg? ›

Which Banks Offer Current Accounts for Non-Residents?
  • BGL BNP Paribas. BNP Paribas is a French multinational bank with a strong presence in Luxembourg and happens to be very open to non-resident applicants. ...
  • Raiffeisen Bank. Non-residents can also open an account with Raiffeisen without much hassle. ...
  • BIL.
Feb 11, 2022

Why does Luxembourg own so much US debt? ›

That ranks tiny Luxembourg No. 7 on the global list of total foreign indebtedness [sources: The World Bank, The World Bank]. Like its neighbor, Belgium, Luxembourg is a tax haven for wealthy foreign investors. Also like Belgium, investors from around the world buy U.S. debt through accounts based in Luxembourg.

Why are companies moving to Luxembourg? ›

One of the reasons why do companies set up in Luxembourg is the tax-friendly system. Luxembourg has signed double taxation treaties with 82 countries around the world, including powerful nations such as the United States, China, and Russia.

What is the most important financial center in the world? ›

Given the United States has the largest economy in the world and the U.S. dollar is the dominant global reserve currency, the United States has the most leading financial cities in the world, including the leading financial center in the world in New York City.

How are European banks regulated? ›

Banking rules are developed at global level in the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and the Financial Stability Board, which represents EU institutions (namely the ECB) as well as several member states.

How are banks regulated in the EU? ›

The European Banking Authority (EBA) is a regulatory agency of the European Union headquartered in Paris. Its activities include conducting stress tests on European banks to increase transparency in the European financial system and identifying weaknesses in banks' capital structures.

What is the difference between regulated and non regulated funds Luxembourg? ›

Regulated retail funds must be authorised and supervised by the CSSF. Unregulated retail funds qualifying as AIFs do not require the approval of the CSSF, although their AIFM is subject to the supervision of the CSSF or the supervisory authority of its home member state. Who can market retail funds?

Is lending regulated in Luxembourg? ›

The requirements for a Luxembourg lending license

An entity performing a lending activity from or in Luxembourg requires a license as “professional performing lending operations”.

Who regulates European banks? ›

The EBA is the EU agency tasked with implementing a standard set of rules to regulate and supervise banking across all EU countries.

Who supervises European banks? ›

The ECB directly supervises the 110 significant banks of the participating countries. These banks hold almost 82% of banking assets in these countries. The decision on whether a bank is deemed significant is based on a number of criteria.

Which European legislation requires banks to authenticate? ›

Strong customer authentication (SCA) is a requirement of the EU Revised Directive on Payment Services (PSD2) on payment service providers within the European Economic Area. The requirement ensures that electronic payments are performed with multi-factor authentication, to increase the security of electronic payments.

What are the main banking regulations? ›

  • Five Important U.S. Banking Laws.
  • National Bank Act of 1864.
  • Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
  • Glass-Steagall Act of 1933.
  • Bank Secrecy Act of 1970.
  • Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010.
  • The Bottom Line.

How are banks regulated? ›

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

The FDIC is empowered to examine all banks with FDIC insurance; however, to prevent regulatory duplication, the FDIC only directly supervises and examines state-chartered banks that are not members of the Federal Reserve System.

How are banks regulated now? ›

A bank's primary federal regulator could be the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Reserve Board, or the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.

What are the legal forms of funds in Luxembourg? ›

Luxembourg Fund Structures

a public limited liability company (SA); a private limited liability company (SARL); a corporate partnership limited by shares (SCA);

Why do funds set up in Luxembourg? ›

Also, many sovereign wealth and large pension funds have established investment platforms, holding companies, and feeder funds in Luxembourg because of the regulatory controls, tax and legal frameworks, and ability of doing business there.

What is Luxembourg Bank rating? ›

Overview (rank by category)
BankTotal assetsNet fee and commission income
J.P. Morgan Bank Luxembourg S.A.11
Banque et Caisse d'Epargne de l'Etat, Luxembourg212
BGL BNP Paribas S.A.310
7 more rows

Is lending regulated in Canada? ›

All loan and trust corporations must be federally incorporated with Canada's Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI), the primary regulator for this sector.

Why have a bank account in Luxembourg? ›

Professional services. Many of Luxembourg's banks offer a range of professional services, such as wealth management, investment advice, and estate planning. This can be particularly useful for non-residents who need help managing their finances and achieving their financial goals.


1. Открытие корпоративного счета в Banque de Luxembourg
(Оффшоры | Бизнес за границей Счета за рубежом)
2. Daniel Atz Explains How Luxembourg Elects Its Parliament (ACLUX Event, Florianópolis, Brazil)
3. How to Open a SPF in Luxembourg
4. October 2021 webinar - BL Equities Europe
(Banque de Luxembourg Investments)
5. EIB people: Helen, Lawyer 🚶🏼‍♀️
(European Investment Bank)
6. October 2021 webinar - BL Global Flexible EUR
(Banque de Luxembourg Investments)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Rueben Jacobs

Last Updated: 09/07/2023

Views: 5939

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (77 voted)

Reviews: 84% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Rueben Jacobs

Birthday: 1999-03-14

Address: 951 Caterina Walk, Schambergerside, CA 67667-0896

Phone: +6881806848632

Job: Internal Education Planner

Hobby: Candle making, Cabaret, Poi, Gambling, Rock climbing, Wood carving, Computer programming

Introduction: My name is Rueben Jacobs, I am a cooperative, beautiful, kind, comfortable, glamorous, open, magnificent person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.